Sara Pavanello, who has just completed a three-year study of how natural resources are managed in the area, says: “The pastoralists I spoke to very often used collective terms, saying for example, ‘Our resources, we decide, we manage…’ For pastoral communities, the rangeland as a whole is perceived as one single economic resource that’s communally owned, even if this tract of rangeland has been divided by the international border. At the same time different ethnic groups own, or exercise control over specific territory and the natural resources found within it.”
This does not mean that they exclude everyone else. They understand that other groups need access to the pasture and water sources at certain seasons. That kind of temporary access is traditionally negotiated between the elders of the different communities. Elders told Pavanello: “Today they need us; tomorrow we will need them.” She describes this kind of sharing as being seen as an “insurance policy for the future”.
For more on this story, visit: IRIN Africa | ETHIOPIA-KENYA: Who rules the range? | Ethiopia | Kenya | Economy | Food Security | Governance | Migration.