Peace in Mexico declined by 4.9 percent in 2018, the third year of deterioration in a row. The major driver behind the drop was an upsurge in the homicide rate, which increased by 14 percent, to reach historically high levels. But while Mexico deteriorated in peacefulness on a national scale, there have been successful local programs working to improve safety and security.
In the three states that improved the most in the 2019 Mexico Peace Index (MPI) – Baja California Sur, Sinaloa and Sonora – governments used programs specifically designed to target local challenges. All of these programs incorporated inter-government agencies in collaboration with businesses and the community.